A concluding paragraph must be a part of every essay you write. The length of your concluding paragraph will vary with the length of your paper. An effective conclusion reminds the reader of the central point of the thesis statement.

To write an effective conclusion, use the following suggestions:

1. Do not summarize. Instead of summarizing, use your conclusion to reflect on the essay or add a final clinching point, and remember that a conclusion, like an introduction, should be a fully developed paragraph. An effective conclusion reminds the reader of your thesis, but should not restate your thesis word for word.

2. Ask yourself the following questions and answer them in your conclusion:

3. Remember the following recommendations:

Sample Conclusions:

   To those that don’t suffer from these judgments, stereotypes about nonstandard English might not seem important. But in my Writing 91 class, these judgments seem to affect the way that we think about our written language. "I write like I talk," said one of my peer response members, "So you’ve got to help me fix my writing. It’s all messed up."


    Barbara Mellix describes the way she used "code-switching" between the academic world and her family/community life. This "code-switching" is a necessary survival skill in my bilingual world. Because of this necessity, my community uses language to move between three worlds: the culture of older immigrants, the children who exist between the American world and immigrant life, and the white American culture of TV and work.